In the past, works of art were quickly made from clay, but by only baking clay at temperatures of 800-1000 degrees Celsius, the clay cannot withstand various liquids. How did the tile come about?
Centuries ago the discovery of the glaze, glaze is a thin glass-like layer that can be applied to pottery. Due to the discovery of glaze, pottery could withstand various liquids and the surface was embellished by the glaze. Tint glaze was applied to tiles in the Middle East about 1000-600 BC, which made it shiny white after the firing process. Because it was glossy white, you could apply beautiful hand paintings on the tiles. Through various conquests of the Middle East, the tint glaze on pottery had become known in Europe. Spain and Italy were the countries that took over the tile industry. Because Spain exported a lot to Italy, Northern Italy became an important pottery industry.
History of Dutch tiles.
Delft blue is mainly known in the Netherlands. In 1600 this trend came to our country from China. That was because of the trade we did with China, China had traded precious cargo of the blue porcelain tiles all over Europe. Many cities tried to imitate the precious porcelain, also in Delft. In Delft they thought they had copied it, but nothing turns out to be less true because this was normal pottery. In 1709 the first porcelain was made in Germany. There was a lot of prosperity and therefore demand for the Delft blue tiles, paintings were often made on the tiles of various current events of that time. As a result, Delft blue has become even more famous and is therefore still a current concept in tiles.